Summary of Evidence From the Court Documents

All the facts on this page were taken from the legal documents filed by federal prosecutors, which means they’ve been thoroughly investigated, and the prosecutors believe they have evidence to prove each fact beyond a reasonable doubt.

I will update as new documents are filed.

NOTE: I am including Natalia Veselnitskaya, Maria Butina (who had dealings with a “Gun Rights Organization”), Michael Cohen and anything concerning the Trump Org based because it’s pretty clear this will all end up blending together; that Cohen was central to TrumpRussia, that Russia infiltrated the NRA to sway the 2016 election, etc.

 Manafort ruling (agreement breach),  2-13-2019

Transcripts are here

Court ruling is here

The court found that Manafort lied three times to prosecutors in violation of his plea agreement. Manafort  lied about a payment of $125K, he lied about his interactions and communications with Kilimnik, and he lied about matters pertinent to another on-going investigation.

We learn that Manafort and Kilimnik talked about something very explosive, but the details are redacted. We know they talked about this matter in January 2017 when Kilimnik came to the inauguration, in February 2017, and winter of 2018.

Roger Stone Indictment, 1-25-2019

Roger Stone Indictment is here

Government explanation for why the case is related to the Netykso case.

Summary: Roger Stone was an official of the Trump campaign until Aug. 2015, and remained in frequent contact with the Trump campaign during the time Wikileaks disseminated emails hacked and stolen from the DNC. Facts establish that he conveyed info from Wikileaks to Trump campaign officials. “Good job,” one of the officials told him. Afterward he lied to Congress and pressured others to lie.

Crimes charged: False statements, witness tampering, obstruction of justice, aiding and abetting.

Why it matters: The facts establish that senior Trump campaign officials were in communication with Wikileaks.

From the Government’s explanation of why Stone’s case is related to the Netyksho case we learn that Mueller’s search warrants into the Russian hackers turned up evidence about Stone. Evidence from those same search warrants also led to the indictment against the Russian hackers. 

Natalia Veselnitskaya Indictment, 12-20-18, unsealed 1-8-2019

Natalia Veselnitskaya Indictment is here

Summary: Russian lawyer Natalia Veselnitskaya was charged with obstruction of justice. In an earlier proceeding against a corrupt Russian organization, she lied about her close contacts with the Russian government. She submitted a report, which she said she obtained at great difficult, exculpating her client. In fact, she co-authored it with Russian government officials.

Why it Matters: When Veselnitskaya met with Trump, Jr. , Kushner, Manafort, and others at Trump Tower in June of 2016, she worked in “secret cooperation” with Russian government officials while posing as a private lawyer without government connections. At the same time, she was working to falsely smear Magnitsky (the guy who uncovered corruption in Russia, and was consequently imprisoned in Russia and killed.)

Manafort Sentencing Memo (Mueller, OSC: 12-7-2018)

OSC’s Reply Sentencing Memo

Manafort’s response (redactions show through)

The OSC Manafort Sentencing Memo is available here.

Summary: A separate motion was filed asking to file under seal factual material that relates to “pending investigations or uncharged individuals.”

Manafort lies fall under 5 separate areas: (1) number of  contacts with Kilimnik [other docs established K. has ties to the Russian intelligence unit that hacked Democrats’ emails.] (2) He changed his story to say that K wasn’t involved in the witness tampering, (3) he lied about a  $125K payment, (4) he changed his story in another criminal investigation going on elsewhere, and (5) he lied about his contacts with the Trump administration.

Cohen  Sentencing Memo (Mueller, OSC: 12-7-2018.

The Cohen Mueller-OSC Sentencing Memo is available here

Summary “Cohen provided the SCO with useful information concerning certain discrete Russia-related matters core to its investigation” [I.e. about TrumpRussia] which he obtained from  “regular contacts with Company executives during the campaign.” Cohen engaged in “outreach to and contact with Russian officials during the course of the campaign.” In 2015, he engaged in one outreach to Putin personally at the direction of Trump.

Cohen worked on Trump’s Tower Moscow, and discussed it with Trump well into the campaign. This project was a “lucrative business opportunity that sought, and likely required, the assistance of the Russian government” which would bring hundreds of millions of dollars into the Trump Org from Russian sources.

Negotiation for the Moscow Project “occurred at a time of sustained effort by the Russian government to interfere with the U.S. presidential election.” So while the Russians were attacking us, Trump was looking for them to make him rich.

He provided useful information concerning his contacts with persons connected to the White House during 2017-2018.

Why this matters: Lots of outreach to the Russians during the campaign, including looking for ways to get hundreds of millions of dollars from the Russians WHILE the Russians were actively undermining the elections.

For a more detailed summary of this sentencing memo, see this thread. 

Cohen Sentencing Memo (SDNY: 12-7-2018)

The Cohen SDNY Sentencing Memo available here

Summary: When Cohen made payments to Woman-1 and Woman 2, he “acted in coordination with and at the direction of” Trump. To hide the nature of these payments, Cohen acted “at the instruction of an executive for the Company [The Trump Org. [The executive is reportedly Allen Weisselberg, who is cooperating with Mueller]

Why it matters: We have Trump directing a violation of campaign finance law (making the payments to the women).

For more a more complete summary of this memo, see this twitter thread.

Flynn’s Sentencing Memo and Addendum (12-4-2018)

Sentencing Memo and addendum available here

Summary: Flynn’s assistance to special counsel and other prosecutors was so substantial that Mueller recommends little (or no!) prison time.  Because he cooperated early and entered a guilty plea, other potential eyewitnesses came forward and offered valuable information to Special Counsel. Memo gives a few details of Flynn’s cooperation,  but most is redacted.

Why these documents matter: Despite the fact that entire passages have been redacted, we learn much that is new: Flynn cooperated substantially on at least two other investigations, one of which was a criminal investigation outside the Social Counsel’s office.

Other important facts:

The memo confirms that there were multiple interactions between Trump presidential transition team members and “Russian government officials.”

Confirms that Flynn was secretly working for Turkey while working as a national security advisor for Trump.

Michael Cohen SDNY (Pleaded Guilty, 11-29-2018)

Guilty Plea and Doc available here

Brief summary: Cohen pleaded guilty to lying to Congress (18 U.S.C. 1001 (a)(2)). The truth is that through most of the election (until mid-June 2016) Cohen and Felix Sater negotiated with Russian officials about building Trump Tower Moscow. They kept Trump and Trump family members briefed on their progress. The plans for Cohen to go to Moscow were abruptly cancelled 5 days after the famous Trump Tower meeting.

Why it matters: Shows Trump associates in close communication with Russians, even having a secret backchannel meeting with Putin himself. Their (secret) goal: A building project that would personally enrich Trump–while he was running for president and refusing to disclose his finances.

For more details, see this thread

Indictment of Elena Alekseevna Khusyaynova (Filed 9-28-2018, unsealed 10-19-2018)

Complaint available here

Brief summary: Elena Alekseevna Khusyaynova, a Russian national, is chief financial operator of an  “ongoing” Kremlin-backed plan to conduct “information warfare” against the US, including attempts to influence the midterms. One goal is to “aggravate the conflict between the minorities and the rest of the population.” Some posed as Trump critics, writing things to cause Trump critics to hate Trump supporters. Others posed as Trump supporters saying things like “If only media had been as bothered by Obama’s ties to the Muslim Brotherhood as they are by Trump’s fake ties to Russia.” Russia has become very sophisticated at targeting its message to specific populations within the US for maximum effectiveness. The annual global budget is in the millions.

Why it matters: The Russian attack on the US through disinformation and the sowing of chaos is ongoing, sophisticated, and well-financed.

Paul Manafort (Pleaded Guilty, 9-14-2018)

Superseding Criminal Information available here

Plea Deal available here

Brief Summary: Count One: Manafort conspired with Gates and Konstantin Kilimnik to act—and he acted—as an agent of the Government of Ukraine, the Party of Regions (the pro-Putin party) between at least 2006 and 2015. To hide income from his Ukraine work, Manafort, with the assistance of Gates and Kilimnik, laundered money through at least 2016. $75,000,000 flowed through his off shore accounts. Manafort is forfeiting much of his wealth. Count Two: In 2018, Manafort, Kilimnik & others conspired to corruptly interfere with the truthful testimony of Persons D1 and D2. In plain language: They tried to get D1 and D2 to lie.

Why it Matters: Trump hired Manafort to manage his campaign AFTER Manafort had, for years, been working as an agent for the pro-Putin Party of Regions. While serving as campaign manager, Manafort was busy laundering millions in dirty Ukranian-Russian money. In 2018 he was trying to get witnesses to lie. Mostly it matters because it shows Manafort in a close partnership with Konstantin Kilimnik all the way through 2018, and because Manafort knows a lot about the Russia-Trump connection. He was at the June 2016 meeting, for example.

Michael Cohen (Pleaded Guilty, 8-21-2018)

Guilty plea available here.

Brief Summary: Cohen pleaded guilty to five counts of tax evasion for 2012-2016, one count of making false statements to a bank, and one count of willfully violating campaign finance law.

Why it matters: Cohen implicated Trump in a felony campaign violation when he told the court that he violated the campaign finance law at the specific direction of Donald Trump, candidate for president. This means that Trump was part of a plan to silence women just before the election, in an attempt to sway the election.

Maria Butina (7-14-2018)

Criminal complaint available here

Indictment available here


From at least 2015 until July 2018, Butina and others, including an official of the Russian Federation, conspired against the U.S. by acting as a foreign agent without prior notification to the AG, and exploit personal connections with influential US persons and infiltrate US political organizations in an effort to advance the interests of the Russian Federation. She conspired with Person 1, whose identity is known to the Grand Jury, worked with Butina to arrange introductions promoting gun rights (“Gun Rights Organization”)

18 U.S.C. 951 / 18 U.S.C. 371.

She was not charged under FARA, which imposes duties on foreign persons or organizations. This basically means lobbyists for foreign entities.

She was charged under 951, which a person is acting as an agent of a foreign government (other than as a diplomatic or consular officer or attache. This is close to actual espionage. 

U.S. v. Viktor Borisovich Netyksho, et al (7-13-2018)

Indictment available here

Brief Summary: Russian military officials conspired with persons “known and unknown to the grand jury” to interfere with the 2016 presidential election. They hacked the DNC, the Hillary Clinton Campaign, the Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee, and an Elections Board (Illinois) stole materials, and weaponized the stolen emails to interfere with the election.

Conspiracy against the United States or to Defraud the United States; Major Fraud against the United States; Aggravated identity theft: Stole identities of 500,000 voters including names, addresses, partial SS#, dates of birth, driver’s licenses #. Also Conspiracy (basically whoever assists in the conspiracy is punishable as a principal).

to Launder Money and Computer Fraud.

Why it matters: There were Russian military officials, so Mueller believes he can prove beyond a reasonable doubt that Russia as a state hacked and weaponized information to alter the outcome of the election.

Relevant Facts:

In mid-June 2016, conspirators created Gucifer 2.0 “lone Romanian hacker” to undermine claims of Russian responsibility for the hacks. 

“A person who was in regular contact with senior members” of the Trump campaign began communicating with Gucifer 2.0. Roger Stone has admitted this person is probably him.

Guccifer received and responded to a request for documents from a candidate for US Congressman.

The same day Trump said, “Russia, if you’re listening, I hope you’re able to find the 30,000 emails that are missing,” Russian government hackers launched an attack against email accounts of Clinton staffers.

The hacking was ongoing during the time individuals in the Trump campaign were in touch with “charged and uncharged Russian conspirators.”

Paul Manafort and Konstantin Kilimnik (7 counts, 6-8-2018)

 Indictment available here.

Obstruction of Justice: Between Feb. 23-April 2018, Manafort & Kilimnik conspired to corruptly persuade D1 and D2 with intent to influence, delay and prevent their testimony (witness tampering)

Unregistered Agent of a Foreign Government, failing to disclose that between 2008-2014, they were foreign agents (people who are working on behalf of a foreign government.)

Conspiracy against the United States (Between 2006 and 2017—while Manafort managed Trump’s campaign—impeded government functions of the DOJ & the Treasury, in D.C. and elsewhere.)

Also conspiracy to launder money, False Statements, & lobbying on behalf of the pro-Russian Ukranian president Yanukovych and Party of Regions.

Rick Gates (Pleaded Guilty, 2/23/18)

Criminal Information (superseding previous indictment) available here; all docs, including guilty plea available here.

 Pleaded guilty to: False Statements and Conspiracy against the United States.

Brief Summary: Gates and Manafort committed multiple counts of tax fraud and bank fraud. They laundered tens of millions of dollars, including money originating in the Ukraine, generating tens of millions of dollars in income. They hid tens of millions in off shore accounts. They repeatedly defrauded United States agencies. They committed crimes through 2017–while Gates helped lead the Trump campaign and transition.

Gates and Manafort were “unregistered agents of the [pro-Putin] Government of the Ukraine,” who lobbied on behalf of Russian interference in the Ukraine, while enabling U.S. lobbying firms to hide their Eastern European ties.

Why this matters: Demonstrates a large scale criminal operation carried out by high ranking members of Trump’s campaign and transition. Demonstrates strong ties from within the campaign to pro-Putin agents in Europe.

Paul Manafort (18 Counts, 2/22/18)

(Gates was dismissed from these charges, 2/27/2018.)

Guilty Verdict: Guilty: 8 counts

2-28 Status Report

First Manafort-Gates indictment (10/30/17–12 counts) available here  and here.

Second Manafort-Gates indictment available here.

Summary of financial crimes:  Basically, from 2006 to 2017, Manafort and Gates were lying and cheating left and right [bank fraud, tax fraud, money laundering], generating tens of millions in income. Laundered money included millions from the Ukraine.

Unregistered Agent of a Foreign Government, failing to disclose that between 2008-2014, they were foreign agents (people who are working on behalf of a foreign government.)

Conspiracy against the United States (impeding lawful government functions, i.e. tax collecting and regulating foreign agents, occurred through 2017).

From the 2/28 status report: Tax fraud charges in the DC case amount to 19 years in prison, and the VA case, 8 – 10.

Why it matters: Financial crimes and conspiring against the United States occurred through January 2017, while both men were leading the Trump campaign (Manafort until Aug. 2016, Gates through the transition)

Alex van der Zwaan (Pleaded Guilty, 2/20/18)

Statement of Alex van der Zwaan offense, available here 

Plea Agreement, available here

OSC Sentencing Memo, 3/27/2018

Pleaded guilty toMaking False Statements

Brief Summary: Lied about the fact that, on September 16, 2016, he communicated with Gates and “Person A” about a report prepared by his law firm about the jailing of Yulia Tymoshenko [a pro-NATO, anti-Putin former Ukrainian prime minister] by her political rivals.

Person A is reported to be Konstantin Kilimnik, who has ties to a Russian intelligence service, the GRU.  Both Gates and Manafort knew this (as per the sentencing memo)

Why this matters: More evidence of involvement of Gates (i.e., a highly placed Trump campaign official) with people with “ties” to a Russian intelligence service.

[Others unnamed in the indictment: Person A, discussed, in Russian, matters about Tymoshenko, “Senior Partner [of Alex van der Zwaan’s law firm].

13 Russian Nationals and 3 Russian Companies (2 Count Indictment, 2/16/18)

The indictment is available here

Charges are related to a Russian propaganda efforts that began in 2014 designed to interfere with the U.S. 2016 presidential election. Defendants stole American identities, and posed as real Americans, using computers based partly in the United States. Employing hundreds of individuals, their goal was to sow discord and division. By 2016, they had a monthly budget of over a million dollars. They conducted “information warfare” to “spread distrust . . . in the political system in general.” While the primary goal was to denigrate Hillary Clinton and elect Donald Trump. they also denigrated Marco Rubio, and supported Bernie Sanders and Jill Stein.

Unnamed persons: Defendants and co-conspirators received substantial help from a person associated with a “grassroots” Texas-based organization. The indictment does not say the person was an “unwitting” co-conspirator–which suggests (but doesn’t conclusively state) that an American knowingly helped them.

Unnamed Political Activists: The defendants “communicated with unwitting individuals associated with the Trump campaign and with other political activist to seek to coordinate political activities.” Strongly suggests that Americans (political activists) knowingly participated in the conspiracy.

Why it matters: Demonstrates a sweeping, well-organized, and well-financed Russian conspiracy to spread disinformation and sway the 2016 presidential election.

Richard Pinedo (Pleaded Guilty, 2/12/18 )

Pinedo plea Agreement, Criminal Information, and Statement of offense, available here

Pleaded guilty to: Identity Fraud

Brief Summary: Pinedo stole the identities of Americans, and then used those stolen identities to create bank accounts. He then sold  hundreds of bank account numbers to Russians to help them infiltrate the electorate.

Why this matters:  By selling false identifications to the Russians, Pinedo was aiding the Russians in their quest to interfere in the 2016 election.

 Michael Flynn (Pleaded Guilty, 12/1/17)

Flynn plea agreement documents, available here

Pleaded guilty toMaking False Statements

Brief Summary: On December 28, 2016, President Obama signed an order sanctioning the Russians for election meddling.  Flynn was instructed by an “official” of the Trump campaign to secretly contact the Russians and make sure the Russians did not “escalate” the situation. The Russians did as Flynn asked.

[Others unnamed in the Indictment: Presidential Transition Team Official]

Why it matters: (1) Obama was president, so conducting foreign policy was a violation of the Logan Act. (2) The Presidential Transition Team was secretly negotiating sanctions with the Russians.

George Papadopoulos (Pleaded Guilty, 10/5/17)

Statement of the offense, available here

Criminal information, available here

Sentencing Memo filed 8-17-2018

Pleaded guilty toMaking False Statements

Brief summary: Papadopoulos was named one of five National Security Advisors on the Trump campaign. He told officials in the Trump campaign that he had extensive contacts in Russia. On April 26, 2016, he learned from a European professor with Moscow ties that the Russians had “dirt” on HRC in the form of thousands of emails. Between May and August he tried to set up an “off the record” meeting between Trump and Putin. The meeting never happened.

Facts added by the Sentencing Memo: Papadopoulos knew Russia had hacked and stolen the emails.

Why this matters: The Trump campaign knew that the Kremlin had  emails before the hacking was public knowledge—and the information came from the campaign’s Russian ties. Trump campaign knew that Papadopoulos had extensive contacts with Russia.

Others unnamed in the indictment: Supervisory Trump Campaign Official, High Ranking Trump Campaign Official, Senior Policy Trump Advisor.

Just Security has the documents filed so far here